System Quick Facts
Daily Trips (Average Business Day)
- Revenue Passengers (Fares Collected) ... 1,689,000
- Revenue Passengers and Transfer Fares ... 2,696,000
- Of the 156 conventional bus and streetcar routes, 154 make 269 connections with the Subway/Scarborough RT system during the A.M. rush period.
- Thursday, September 28, 2017: highest 1-day ridership … 1,822,111
Rail Transit Quick Facts (Subway, Scarborough Rapid Transit, Streetcar)
Daily Trips (Average Business Day)
- Revenue Passengers (Fares Collected) … 867,000
- Revenue Passengers and Transfer Fares … 1,258,000
Busiest Stations (Estimated passenger trips to and from trains daily)
- Bloor (Yonge-University) … 204,600
- Yonge (Bloor-Danforth) … 186,900
- St George (Bloor-Danforth) … 132,400
- St George (Yonge-University) … 126,000
- Union … 118,400
- Finch … 85,700
- Dundas … 77,200
- Eglinton … 75,100
- Sheppard-Yonge (Yonge-University)… 74,700
- Kennedy (Bloor-Danforth) … 69,800
- Number of Stations* … 75
- Number of Escalators … 333
- Number of Elevators … 112**
(In service at: Bathurst, Bayview, Bessarion, Bloor-Yonge, Broadview, Coxwell, Davisville, Don Mills, Downsview Park, Dufferin, Dundas West, Eglinton, Eglinton West, Finch, Finch West, Highway 407, Jane, Kennedy, Kipling, Lawrence West, Leslie, Main Street, North York Centre, Ossington, Pape, Pioneer Village, Queen, Scarborough Centre, Sheppard West, Sheppard-Yonge, Spadina, St Clair, St Clair West, St George, Osgoode, St Andrew, Queen’s Park, Queens Quay, Union, Vaughan Metropolitan Centre, Victoria Park, Woodbine, York Mills, York University.)
- Number of Commuter Parking Lots … 25*** (14,366 spaces)
* Subway interchanges counted once.
** 25 elevators opened at Coxwell, St Clair West, Woodbine and the Line 1 extension.
*** Lots opened at Finch West, Pioneer Village and Highway 407; closed at Wilson South and Kennedy East and North).
|Passenger Trips1||2017 533,216,000||2016 538,079,000||Decrease of (4,836)|
|Bus Routes||2017 145||2016 146||Increase of 0|
|Streetcar Routes||2017 11||2016 11||Increase of 0|
|Subway Lines||2017 3||2016 3||Increase of 0|
|ICTS* (Scarborough RT Line)||2017 1||2016 1||Increase of 0|
|Total||2017 1602||2016 1612||Decrease of (1)|
|Bus Routes||2017 6,249.8||2016 6,807.2||Decrease of (257.4)|
|Streetcar Routes||2017 344.3||2016 338.0||Increase of 6.3|
|Yonge-University||2017 38.4||2016 30.2||Increase of 8.2|
|Bloor-Danforth||2017 26.2||2016 26.2||Increase of 0|
|Sheppard||2017 5.5||2016 5.5||Increase of 0|
|Scarborough RT||2017 6.4||2016 6.4||Increase of 0|
|Scarborough RT Trains||3,176,627|
- Excludes Wheel-Trans.
- Excludes Community Bus (6 routes), Blue Night Network (31 routes) and seasonal service (1 route).
- Includes round trip length of routes and their branches along shared roadways.
- Subway/Scarborough RT lengths are given in one-way kilometres.
* Intermediate Capacity Transit System.
Passenger Vehicle Fleet1
Buses (kneeling; lift/ramp; wheelchair positions)
|Accessible 12-metre (40-foot)||2017 1,767||2016 1,773||Decrease of (6)|
|Accessible 18.3-metre (60-foot)||2017 153||2016 153||Increase of 0|
|Total||2017 1,920||2016 1,926||Decrease of (6)|
|Canadian Light Rail Vehicle (CLRV)||2017 141||2016 176||Decrease of (35)|
|Articulated Light Rail Vehicle (ALRV)||2017 43||2016 43||Increase of 0|
New Low-Floor Articulated
|2017 57||2016 30||Increase of 27|
|Total||2017 241||2016 249||Decrease of (8)|
|Subway Cars||2017 848||2016 840||Increase of 8|
|Scarborough RT Cars||2017 28||2016 28||Increase of 0|
|Total||2017 876||2016 868||Increase of 8|
Kilometres Operated3 (In thousands)
|Bus||2017 141,974||2016 138,606||Increase of 3,368|
|Subway||2017 82,892||2016 83,001||Increase of 1,660|
|Streetcar||2017 11,477||2016 13,137||Decrease of (19)|
|Scarborough RT (ICTS*)||2017 3,402||2016 3,476||Decrease of (74)|
|Total||2017 239,835||2016 238,220||Increase of 1,615|
- Includes in-service vehicles only.
- All Subway/RT trains are accessible. 368 T-1 subway cars are equipped with 1 multi-purpose area; 474 Toronto Rocket subway cars are equipped with 2 multi-purpose areas.
- Includes inside Toronto regular revenue services only.
* Intermediate Capacity Transit System.
Carrying Capacity (planned number of customers per vehicle)
30 seated; 55 maximum (220 for a 4-car train)
36 seated; 51 maximum
46 seated; 74 maximum
61 seated; 108 maximum
66 seated; 167 maximum (1,000 for a 6-car train)
64-68 seated; 180 maximum (1,080 for a 6-car train)
As a division of the TTC, Wheel-Trans is responsible for door-to-door accessible transit service for people with physical functional mobility limitations who have the most difficulty using conventional transit services. Service is provided 24 hours beyond city limits to the airport, and to established boundary transfer points in order to co-ordinate trips with other accessible door-to-door transit services within the Greater Toronto Area.
|Passenger Trips1||2017 4,141,842||2016 3,881,094||Increase of 260,748|
|Average Daily Trips1||2017 11,384||2016 10,604||Increase of 780|
|Kilometres Operated1||2017 28,160,613||2016 26,578,052||Increase of 1,582,561|
|Scheduled Vehicle Service Hours1||2017 1,167,394||2016 1,103,366||Increase of 64,028|
|Revenue Vehicles1||2017 613||2016 591||Increase of 22|
|Number of Active Registrants*||2017 42,672||2016 41,259||Increase of 1,413|
Accessible, fixed-route bus service primarily focused on individuals who have some difficulty accessing the conventional transit system. Wheel-Trans registrants and seniors comprise the majority of customers served. However, all individuals are eligible for the service.
|Passenger Trips||2017 43,443||2016 47,718||Decrease of (2,089)|
|Average Daily Trips2||2017 159||2016 175||Decrease of (8)|
|Kilometres Operated||2017 152,019||2016 152,628||Decrease of (608)|
|Scheduled Vehicle Service Hours||2017 10,188||2016 10,228||Decrease of (41)|
|Revenue Vehicles||2017 7||2016 7||Increase of 0|
|Number of Routes||2017 5||2016 5||Increase of 0|
2 Community Bus does not operate on weekends or holidays.
* Customers who have used Wheel-Trans at least once in 2016 (as per Auditor General’s new definition).
The TTC is committed to improving access to the conventional system for all its customers. The TTC is everyone’s transit system.
The entire TTC bus fleet is accessible with low-floor, ramp-equipped, kneeling buses. All buses include 2 mobility device positions and priority seating for customers with disabilities, seniors, and pregnant women.
Number of fully accessible T-1 subway cars (368) and Toronto Rocket (TR) subway cars (474). Each T-1 car has 1 multi-purpose area; each TR car has 2 multi-purpose areas. T-1 trains run on Line 2 only; TR trains run on Lines 1 and 4. All Subway/RT cars can be boarded by people using wheelchairs, scooters or other mobility devices.
Number of new low-floor accessible streetcars in service on the 510 Spadina, 509 Harbourfront and 514 Cherry, 512 St Clair and 504 King routes at year-end 2017.
All 179 bus routes are accessible. This includes 27 Blue Night routes and 5 Community Bus routes.
Number of accessible subway stations, which are equipped with elevators that make travel easier for people using wheelchairs, scooters, walkers, other mobility devices or baby strollers. These stations are:
- Line 1 Yonge-University: Vaughan Metropolitan Centre, Highway 407, Pioneer Village, York University, Finch West, Downsview Park, Sheppard West, Lawrence West, Eglinton West, St Clair West, St George, Queen’s Park, Osgoode, St Andrew, Union, Queen, Dundas, Bloor-Yonge, St Clair, Davisville, Eglinton, York Mills, Sheppard-Yonge, North York Centre, Finch
- Line 2 Bloor-Danforth: Kipling, Jane, Dundas West, Dufferin, Ossington, Bathurst, Spadina, St George, Bloor-Yonge, Broadview, Pape, Coxwell, Woodbine, Main Street, Victoria Park, Kennedy
- Line 3 Scarborough: Kennedy, Scarborough Centre
- Line 4 Sheppard: Sheppard-Yonge, Bayview, Bessarion, Leslie, Don Mills
Note: Subway interchanges counted once.
All stations are planned to be made accessible by 2025.
Subway stations with centre platforms
- Line 1 Yonge-University: Vaughan Metropolitan Centre, Highway 407, Pioneer Village, York University, Finch West, Downsview Park, Sheppard West, Wilson, Yorkdale, Lawrence West, Glencairn, St George, Museum, Queen’s Park, St Patrick, Osgoode, St Andrew, Eglinton, Lawrence, York Mills, Sheppard-Yonge, Finch
- Line 2 Bloor-Danforth: Kipling, Islington, St George, Bay, Bloor-Yonge, Warden, Kennedy
- Line 3 Scarborough: none
- Line 4 Sheppard: Bayview, Bessarion, Leslie, Don Mills
Busiest Bus and Streetcar Routes
(Estimated daily usage on average business day)
504 King (streetcar) … 56,700
501 Queen (streetcar) … 55,100
32 Eglinton West (bus) … 48,700
52 Lawrence West (bus) … 43,900
36 Finch West (bus) … 43,100
29 Dufferin (bus) … 42,600
510 Spadina (streetcar) … 40,000
506 Carlton (streetcar) ... 39,000
54 Lawrence East (bus) … 36,700
512 St Clair (streetcar) … 35,200
Subway Station Defibrillators
Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are installed at all 75 Subway/RT stations. The AEDs can be used in the event of cardiac emergency. Each unit is encased in appropriately labelled, glass-fronted white cabinets, 38 centimetres by 33 centimetres in size.
Passenger Information Displays
Digital video screens are located above the platforms in the majority of subway stations. A great source of information, these 101-centimetre, flat screens show TTC service updates, next-train arrival times, the date and time, as well as news, weather, advertising, charity and community messages. During emergencies, key information will appear on these screens. Additional flat screens are installed in the subway system to improve customer communications by showing the status of subway and surface routes that serve each station, as well as providing important updates that customers would require before paying their fare.
Customers can also use Station Information and Next-Vehicle-Arrival screens and monitors at subway stations and transit shelters to help them make more informed decisions about their transit trips.
- After 96 years in service – and at 31 billion customers carried – the TTC has grown to become one of the most visible and vital public service organizations in the Greater Toronto Area.
- More than 14,000 employees serve well over half-a-billion customers annually. With approximately 1.7 million customer journeys on a typical weekday, the TTC has one of the highest per-capita ridership rates in North America.
- The TTC serves some 5.5 million people in the Greater Toronto Area, with a network of subways, streetcars, buses, and a specialized service, Wheel-Trans, for people who require accessible transportation.
- Estimated number of cars that a TTC vehicle replaces during a typical morning rush hour:
- Low-floor bus (12 metre): 45
- Low-floor articulated bus (18 metre): 70
- CLRV streetcar: 65
- ALRV streetcar: 95
- New low-floor articulated streetcar: 115
- SRT train (4 cars): 195
- T-1 train (6 cars): 890
- Toronto Rocket train (6 cars): 980
[Figures are based on TTC loading standards for each mode divided by A.M. rush average automobile occupancy (1.12) for inbound trips to the city of Toronto, 2014.]
Spadina Subway Extension
The TTC’s Line 1 Extension to York Region opened to the public on December 17, 2017. In a historic moment, the first trains simultaneously departed Sheppard West and Vaughan Metropolitan Centre at 8 a.m., marking the start of revenue service to and from York Region.
The Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension (TYSSE) is a six-station, 8.6-km extension of the Line 1 Yonge-University Subway from the current Sheppard West Station, northwest through York University, and north into York Region.
The TYSSE is the first subway expansion crossing the municipal boundary of Toronto. The official groundbreaking took place in 2009. The official ribbon-cutting ceremony on the Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension project was held on December 15, 2017 at Vaughan Metropolitan Centre terminal station. The extension cost approximately $3.18 billion (approval was obtained in February 2016) and has generated thousands of jobs during its construction. Here are the six stations:
Vaughan Metropolitan Centre: is located north of Highway 7 to the west side of the relocated Millway Avenue. The terminal station is a multi-modal transportation hub with on-street passenger pick up and drop off (on New Park Place and Millway Avenue) , and connections to YRT SmartREIT Bus Terminal and to the Viva BRT, which will run in the centre of Highway 7.
Highway 407: is located west of Jane Street and south of Highway 407, west of Black Creek. Includes: 18-bay GO/YRT/Viva bus terminal, 560-space commuter lot, one passenger-pick-up-and-drop-off (30 spaces), connection to future Highway 407 Transitway.
Pioneer Village: is located diagonally below Steeles Avenue West. Includes: 12-bay TTC and 5-bay YRT bus terminal, 1,950-space commuter lot, one passenger-pick-up-and-drop-off (11 spaces).
York University: is located at York University, crossing underneath Ian Macdonald Boulevard in the heart of the Keele Campus at the east end of the Harry W. Arthurs Common.
Finch West: is located under Keele Street, north of Finch Avenue West. Includes: Five-bay TTC bus terminal, 358-space commuter lot, one passenger-pick-up-and-drop-off (10 spaces), future connection to Finch West LRT.
Downsview Park: is located at Downsview Park on the south side of Sheppard Avenue West, centred under GO Transit’s Barrie Commuter Rail line. Includes: connection to Barrie GO rail service.
The Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension project is jointly funded by the Government of Canada, the Province of Ontario, the City of Toronto and The Regional Municipality of York.
Amount of excavated material (enough to fill Rogers Centre).
Amount of concrete used (equal to 10 CN Towers).
Total tons of rebar required for construction.
Total number of precast tunnel liners (54,000 segments).
Total kilograms of earth each tunnel boring machine dug (equivalent to 280 cars).
Total number of precast double ties.
Total length of double track and power rail.
- The TTC had 57 new low-floor streetcars in revenue service in 2017.
- The TTC’s first, low-floor streetcar, a prototype test vehicle, arrived in Toronto by rail at CP’s Lambdon Yard from Bombardier Transportation in Thunder Bay on September 25, 2012. Car No. 4400 was loaded on to a tractor/trailer flatbed and delivered to the TTC’s Hillcrest Complex on September 29, 2012.
- Officials from all three orders of government attended an official reveal of car #4400 at TTC’s Harvey Shop on November 15, 2012.
- Car #4400 was the first of three test vehicles that were used for extensive vehicle reliability, performance and technology verification testing in 2013. System compatibility tests included: accessibility features, platform- and on-street boarding interface with the vehicle, noise and vibration, fare card system and overhead power interface.
- Delivery of all 204 low-floor streetcars from Bombardier Transportation is scheduled for completion in 2019. These vehicles will replace the aging fleet of CLRVs and ALRVs, and provide for ridership growth and congestion relief efforts.
- The new vehicles are just over 30 metres long. They have four doors, 70 fixed seats and six flip-down seats. They have many user friendly features, including: air conditioning, large windows, airy interior design, interior bike racks and a PRESTO fare card system.
- The TTC entered into a contract with Bombardier after a competitive procurement process for the design and supply of 204 new, accessible low-floor streetcars in June 2009.
Type - multi-articulated, six-axle
Seats - 70
Length - 30.20 m
Width - 2.54 m
Height - 3.84 m
Weight - 48,200 kg
Speed - max 70 km/h
70 seated; 130 maximum